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How to encrypt and decrypt strings in Android?

Android Security
How to encrypt and decrypt strings?

Simple helper class to encrypt and decrypt strings using AES128. The result is Ascii-encoded (actually hex, no base64), so no byte[] has to be stored. A SEED value is used as a shared secret (“Master-Password”). Only with the same SEED the stored values can be decrypted.

package net.sf.andhsli.hotspotlogin;

import java.security.SecureRandom;

import javax.crypto.Cipher;
import javax.crypto.KeyGenerator;
import javax.crypto.SecretKey;
import javax.crypto.spec.SecretKeySpec;

/**
* Usage:
*

 * String crypto = SimpleCrypto.encrypt(masterpassword, cleartext)
 * ...
 * String cleartext = SimpleCrypto.decrypt(masterpassword, crypto)
 * 

* @author ferenc.hechler
*/
public class SimpleCrypto {

public static String encrypt(String seed, String cleartext) throws Exception {
byte[] rawKey = getRawKey(seed.getBytes());
byte[] result = encrypt(rawKey, cleartext.getBytes());
return toHex(result);
}

public static String decrypt(String seed, String encrypted) throws Exception {
byte[] rawKey = getRawKey(seed.getBytes());
byte[] enc = toByte(encrypted);
byte[] result = decrypt(rawKey, enc);
return new String(result);
}

private static byte[] getRawKey(byte[] seed) throws Exception {
KeyGenerator kgen = KeyGenerator.getInstance(“AES”);
SecureRandom sr = SecureRandom.getInstance(“SHA1PRNG”);
sr.setSeed(seed);
kgen.init(128, sr); // 192 and 256 bits may not be available
SecretKey skey = kgen.generateKey();
byte[] raw = skey.getEncoded();
return raw;
}

private static byte[] encrypt(byte[] raw, byte[] clear) throws Exception {
SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, “AES”);
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(“AES”);
cipher.init(Cipher.ENCRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
byte[] encrypted = cipher.doFinal(clear);
return encrypted;
}

private static byte[] decrypt(byte[] raw, byte[] encrypted) throws Exception {
SecretKeySpec skeySpec = new SecretKeySpec(raw, “AES”);
Cipher cipher = Cipher.getInstance(“AES”);
cipher.init(Cipher.DECRYPT_MODE, skeySpec);
byte[] decrypted = cipher.doFinal(encrypted);
return decrypted;
}

public static String toHex(String txt) {
return toHex(txt.getBytes());
}
public static String fromHex(String hex) {
return new String(toByte(hex));
}

public static byte[] toByte(String hexString) {
int len = hexString.length()/2;
byte[] result = new byte[len];
for (int i = 0; i < len; i++)
result[i] = Integer.valueOf(hexString.substring(2*i, 2*i+2), 16).byteValue();
return result;
}

public static String toHex(byte[] buf) {
if (buf == null)
return "";
StringBuffer result = new StringBuffer(2*buf.length);
for (int i = 0; i >4)&0x0f)).append(HEX.charAt(b&0x0f));
}

}

Source – http://www.tutorials-android.com/learn/How_to_encrypt_and_decrypt_strings.rhtml

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Categories: Uncategorized
  1. February 4, 2013 at 11:20 pm

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