Home > Uncategorized > How to get Name, Phone No, Email, IM, Organizations from contacts

How to get Name, Phone No, Email, IM, Organizations from contacts

Learn to work with the Android contacts database. Basic knowledge of accessing SQLite in Android along with using Cursors is expected. See the Android SQLite and Cursor Article for more information. Google changed the contacts database moving from 1.x to 2.0 versions of Android. This tutorial will be broken into 3 sections. First covering accessing contacts in Android 2.0. The second page will deal with accessing the contacts in Android 1.6 and before. Third we’ll glue it all together with a class that abstracts specific classes for each version and a set of classes to manage the data from the contact records.

This method can give you the contact name only


public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);

/** Layouting */
this.mGetMobileNumberButton = (Button)findViewById(R.id.getMobileNumberButton);
this.mNameTextView = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.nameTextView);
this.mMobileNumberTextView = (TextView)findViewById(R.id.mobileNumberTextView);

/** onClick getContactInfos*/
this.mGetMobileNumberButton.setOnClickListener(new OnClickListener() {
public void onClick(View v){
Intent intent = new Intent(Intent.ACTION_PICK, ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI);
startActivityForResult(intent, 1);
}
});
}

@Override
public void onActivityResult(int reqCode, int resultCode, Intent data) {
super.onActivityResult(reqCode, resultCode, data);
if (resultCode == Activity.RESULT_OK) {
Uri contactData = data.getData();
Cursor c = managedQuery(contactData, null, null, null, null);
if (c.moveToFirst()) {
String name = c.getString(c.getColumnIndexOrThrow(ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME));
mNameTextView.setText(name);
}
}
}

This will get the cursor holding base contact data, and will loop through the phone numbers the contact has, can have multiple.


Uri uri = data.getData();
Cursor cursor=ctx.getContentResolver().query(uri, null, null, null, null);

while (cursor.moveToNext()) {
String contactId = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(
ContactsContract.Contacts._ID));
String hasPhone = cursor.getString(cursor.getColumnIndex(
ContactsContract.Contacts.HAS_PHONE_NUMBER));
if (Boolean.parseBoolean(hasPhone)) {
// You know have the number so now query it like this
Cursor phones = getContentResolver().query(
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI,
null,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID +" = "+ contactId,
null, null);
while (phones.moveToNext()) {
String phoneNumber = phones.getString(
phones.getColumnIndex(
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.NUMBER));
}
phones.close();
}
}

Other Way
Retrieving Contact Details

Basic contact information stored in Contacts table with detailed information stored in individual tables for normalization. In Android 2.0 to query the base contact records the URI to query is stored in ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI.


public class TestContacts extends Activity {
/** Called when the activity is first created. */
@Override
public void onCreate(Bundle savedInstanceState) {
super.onCreate(savedInstanceState);
setContentView(R.layout.main);
ContentResolver cr = getContentResolver();
Cursor cur = cr.query(ContactsContract.Contacts.CONTENT_URI,
null, null, null, null);
if (cur.getCount() > 0) {
while (cur.moveToNext()) {
String id = cur.getString(
cur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts._ID));
String name = cur.getString(
cur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.DISPLAY_NAME));
if (Integer.parseInt(cur.getString(cur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.HAS_PHONE_NUMBER))) > 0) {
//Query phone here. Covered next
}
}
}
}
}

Phone Numbers

Phone numbers are stored in their own table and need to be queried separately. To query the phone number table use the URI stored in the SDK variable ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI. Use a WHERE conditional to get the phone numbers for the specified contact.

if (Integer.parseInt(cur.getString(
cur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.Contacts.HAS_PHONE_NUMBER))) > 0) {
Cursor pCur = cr.query(
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTENT_URI,
null,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Phone.CONTACT_ID +" = ?",
new String[]{id}, null);
while (pCur.moveToNext()) {
// Do something with phones
}
pCur.close();
}

Email Addresses

Querying email addresses is similar to phone numbers. A query must be performed to get email addresses from the database. Query the URI stored in ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTENT_URI to query the email address table.

Cursor emailCur = cr.query(
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTENT_URI,
null,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.CONTACT_ID + " = ?",
new String[]{id}, null);
while (emailCur.moveToNext()) {
// This would allow you get several email addresses
// if the email addresses were stored in an array
String email = emailCur.getString(
emailCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.DATA));
String emailType = emailCur.getString(
emailCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Email.TYPE));
}
emailCur.close();

Notes

Custom notes can be attached to each contact record. As before these are stored in a separate table and are related based on the contact ID.

String noteWhere = ContactsContract.Data.CONTACT_ID + " = ? AND " + ContactsContract.Data.MIMETYPE + " = ?";
String[] noteWhereParams = new String[]{id,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Note.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE};
Cursor noteCur = cr.query(ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI, null, noteWhere, noteWhereParams, null);
if (noteCur.moveToFirst()) {
String note = noteCur.getString(noteCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Note.NOTE));
}
noteCur.close();

Postal Addresses

Android can store multiple postal addresses per contact. Addresses are also stored in the data table like notes and queried via the URI stored in ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI. Similar to the notes query a MIMETYPE must be added to the WHERE conditional. Also in Android 2.0 the Address record was split into multiple fields containing different parts of the address (PO-Box, stree, city, region, postal code). In earlier versions of the Android SDK this was a free-form string storage.

String addrWhere = ContactsContract.Data.CONTACT_ID + " = ? AND " + ContactsContract.Data.MIMETYPE + " = ?";
String[] addrWhereParams = new String[]{id,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE};
Cursor addrCur = cr.query(ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI,
null, where, whereParameters, null);
while(addrCur.moveToNext()) {
String poBox = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.POBOX));
String street = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.STREET));
String city = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.CITY));
String state = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.REGION));
String postalCode = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.POSTCODE));
String country = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.COUNTRY));
String type = addrCur.getString(
addrCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.StructuredPostal.TYPE));
}
addrCur.close();

Instant Messenger (IM)

The instant messenger query performs just as the notes and address queries. Important field names for IM related data are stored in ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Im.

String imWhere = ContactsContract.Data.CONTACT_ID + " = ? AND " + ContactsContract.Data.MIMETYPE + " = ?";
String[] imWhereParams = new String[]{id,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Im.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE};
Cursor imCur = cr.query(ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI,
null, imWhere, imWhereParams, null);
if (imCur.moveToFirst()) {
String imName = imCur.getString(
imCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Im.DATA));
String imType;
imType = imCur.getString(
imCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Im.TYPE));
}
imCur.close();

Organizations

The last part of the contact record to be covered is the Organizations data. The Android contact record can contain information about Employment, professional, and social memberships as well as roles and titles. These records are queried from the URI stored in ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI. Important field names for the organization data are stored in ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Organization.

String orgWhere = ContactsContract.Data.CONTACT_ID + " = ? AND " + ContactsContract.Data.MIMETYPE + " = ?";
String[] orgWhereParams = new String[]{id,
ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Organization.CONTENT_ITEM_TYPE};
Cursor orgCur = cr.query(ContactsContract.Data.CONTENT_URI,
null, orgWhere, orgWhereParams, null);
if (orgCur.moveToFirst()) {
String orgName = orgCur.getString(orgCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Organization.DATA));
String title = orgCur.getString(orgCur.getColumnIndex(ContactsContract.CommonDataKinds.Organization.TITLE));
}
orgCur.close();

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